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Glossary of Web Terms
  Glossary of Terms:

ASP:
Active Server Page is an HTML page that includes one or more scripts (small embedded programs) that are processed on a Microsoft Web server before the page is sent to the user.

Bandwidth:
Bandwidth is the term used to describe information transfer capacity. For example your modem is capable of carrying between 28.8Kbps and 33.6Kbps (bps = bits per/second). Different Internet applications use different amounts of bandwidth.

CGI:
The common gateway interface (CGI) is a standard way for a Web server to pass a Web user's request to an application program and to receive data back to forward to the user. When the user requests a Web page (for example, by clicking on a highlighted word or entering a Web site address), the server sends back the requested page.

However, when a user fills out a form on a Web page and sends it in, it usually needs to be processed by an application program. The Web server typically passes the form information to a small application program that processes the data and may send back a confirmation message.

Cold Fusion:
Made by Allaire, is a popular and sophisticated set of products for building Web sites and serving pages to users. With ColdFusion, a company can build a content database using input templates and combine these with application programs to create a Web site in which pages are developed dynamically as they are served.

Domain:
Registering a domain name on the Internet is the equivalent of registering a company name. Once registered, no one else can use that name.

A domain name is a way by which a company can uniquely identify itself on the Internet - branding. For example: If your company name was Money, Inc., the domain name could be money.co.nz. Your Web site would be located at http://www.money.co.nz and your email addresses would be in the form of user_name@money.co.nz

FTP:
File Transfer Protocol is a common way of moving files between Internet sites. FTP is often used for transferring files to a Web server.

Host / Server:
The computer used to house your WWW material. It is connected to the Internet 24 hours a day. A host / server will normally house multiple "Virtual Servers".

HTML:
Hyper Text Markup Language is the set of "markup" symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display on a World Wide Web browser. The markup tells the Web browser how to display a Web page's words and images for the user.

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Linux:
Is a UNIX-like operating system that was designed to provide personal computer users a free or very low-cost operating system comparable to traditional and usually more expensive UNIX systems.

Mb: As a measure of computer processor storage and real and virtual memory, a megabyte (abbreviated Mb) is 2 to the 20th power bytes, or 1,048,576 bytes in decimal notation.

Read Access to logs:
If requested Web site administrators can be provided with access to a statistics logs file.

Server:
In general, a server is a computer program that provides services to other computer programs in the same or other computers.

Storage:
The total size of files stored on a host computer. Most Web sites average between 500 K to 10 Mb's.

Secure Order Form:
A secure document is hosted on a server that uses encryption technology to protect sensitive information. If a Web site has the capacity for online ordering it usually uses a Secure Order Form to allow clients to have their credit card details protected.

Traffic:
An access or hit indicates that a file (graphic, sound, video or text) has been requested from the server. Traffic is the volume of accesses / hits that a Web site generates.

Unix:
In 1974, UNIX became the first operating system written in the C language. UNIX has evolved as a kind of large freeware product, with many extensions and new ideas provided in a variety of versions of UNIX by different companies, universities, and individuals.

Unix Secure Directory:
Is where secure forms are located on our server.

Virtual Server:
A specific combination of software and disk space on a "Host" / "Server" that will serve your information on the WWW using your domain name.

Windows NT:
Windows NT is the Microsoft Windows personal computer operating system designed for users and businesses needing advanced capability. Windows NT is actually two products: Microsoft NT Workstation and Microsoft NT Server. The Server is required, together with an Internet server such as Microsoft's IIS, for a Windows system that plans to serve Web pages such as the one at Plain.

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